National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2010
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Short name:||Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2010|
|Registration status:||Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011|
|Description:||There are two measures for this indicator:
Measure (1a): Mortality rates for children aged less than five years, by Indigenous status
Measure (1b): Excess deaths for Indigenous children aged less than five years.The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data for this indicator is for perinatal mortality, infant mortality, child 1-4 years mortality and child 0-4 years mortality.
|Rationale:||High level of public interest. Key measure for the 'Closing the Gap' indicator of halving the gap in mortality rates for children under 5.|
|Indicator set:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement (2010) Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011|
|Outcome area:||Indigenous children have the same health outcomes as other Australian children Indigenous, Endorsed 21/07/2010|
|Quality statement:||National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2010 QS Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011|
Collection and usage attributes
|Population group age to:||Under 5 years of age|
Part A: Number, rate, rate ratio and rate differencePart B: Excess deaths: Observed number of Indigenous deaths among perinatals, infants, children aged 1–4 years and children aged 0–4 years less expected number of deaths among Indigenous children of the corresponding age group if the age specific rate of the non-Indigenous population was applied to the Indigenous population.
|Computation:||Part A: |
Perinatal and infant mortality rates: 1000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
Children 1-4 and 0-4 mortality rates: 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)Part B: Excess deaths: Observed number of Indigenous deaths among children aged 0-4 years less expected number of deaths among Indigenous children aged 0-4 years if the age specific rate of the non-Indigenous population was applied to the Indigenous population.
|Numerator:||Perinatal: Number of perinatal deaths (foetal and neo-natal)
Infant: Number of deaths among children aged 0-1 years
Children 1-4: Number of deaths among children aged 1-4 yearsChildren 0-4: Number of deaths among children 0 to 4 years
|Numerator data elements:|
|Denominator:||Perinatal: Number of all live births and stillbirths
Infant: Number of live births
Children 1-4: Population aged 1-4 yearsChildren 0-4: Population aged 0-4 years
|Denominator data elements:|
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Disaggregation: National and selected state/territories by Indigenous status
Most recent data available for 2010 CRC baseline report: 2007
At this stage, only data from selected state/territories are considered of acceptable quality for reporting mortality of Indigenous persons (NSW, Qld, WA, SA and NT).
Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported.
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Deaths|
Data source attributes
|Organisation responsible for providing data:||Australian Bureau of Statistics|
|Further data development / collection required:||Specification: Long-term
The statistical agencies and state/territory governments are currently working with Registrars and funeral directors and doctors to improve the quality of Indigenous status information on death notification forms and death certificates.Indigenous identification needs improvement in deaths data.
|Other issues caveats:|
Indigenous child mortality data is subject to high variability due to small numbers of deaths among children 0 to 4 years.
|Related metadata references:|
See also National Healthcare Agreement: P19-Infant/young child mortality rate, 2010 Health, Superseded 08/06/2011
See also National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09a-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (AIHW Data), 2010 Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011
Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2011 Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012