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National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2010

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termIndicator
Short name:Help on this termChild under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2010
METeOR identifier:Help on this term396458
Registration status:Help on this termCommunity Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011
Description:Help on this termThere are two measures for this indicator:

Measure (1a): Mortality rates for children aged less than five years, by Indigenous status

Measure (1b): Excess deaths for Indigenous children aged less than five years.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data for this indicator is for perinatal mortality, infant mortality, child 1-4 years mortality and child 0-4 years mortality.
Rationale:Help on this termHigh level of public interest. Key measure for the 'Closing the Gap' indicator of halving the gap in mortality rates for children under 5.
Indicator set:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement (2010) Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011
Outcome area:Help on this termIndigenous children have the same health outcomes as other Australian children Indigenous, Endorsed 21/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2010 QS Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age to:Help on this termUnder 5 years of age
Computation description:Help on this term

Part A: Number, rate, rate ratio and rate difference

Part B: Excess deaths: Observed number of Indigenous deaths among perinatals, infants, children aged 1–4 years and children aged 0–4 years less expected number of deaths among Indigenous children of the corresponding age group if the age specific rate of the non-Indigenous population was applied to the Indigenous population.
Computation:Help on this termPart A:
Perinatal and infant mortality rates: 1000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Children 1-4 and 0-4 mortality rates: 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Part B: Excess deaths: Observed number of Indigenous deaths among children aged 0-4 years less expected number of deaths among Indigenous children aged 0-4 years if the age specific rate of the non-Indigenous population was applied to the Indigenous population.
Numerator:Help on this termPerinatal: Number of perinatal deaths (foetal and neo-natal)

Infant: Number of deaths among children aged 0-1 years

Children 1-4: Number of deaths among children aged 1-4 years

Children 0-4: Number of deaths among children 0 to 4 years
Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetBirth—birth status, code N
Data Source
ABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Perinatal numerator data source
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Number of foetal and and neonatal deaths
Data Source
ABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Perinatal numerator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Infant and child numerator data source
Denominator:Help on this termPerinatal: Number of all live births and stillbirths

Infant: Number of live births

Children 1-4: Population aged 1-4 years

Children 0-4: Population aged 0-4 years
Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetBirth—birth status, code N
Data Source
ABS birth registration data
Guide for use
Data Source type: Administrative by-product data
Perinatal and infant denominator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data Source type: ERP is derived from Census, PES and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Child 1-4 and 0-4 years denominator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data Source type: Estimated resident population (ERP) is derived from Census, Post-enumeration survey (PES) and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Child 1-4 and 0-4 years denominator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—estimated resident population of Australia, total people N[N(7)]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data Source type: ERP is derived from Census, PES and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Child 1-4 and 0-4 years denominator data source
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data Source type: ERP is derived from Census, PES and assumptions on future fertility, mortality, net migration etc.
Child 1-4 and 0-4 years denominator data source
Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2007) NNNNN
Data Source
ABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Source
ABS Death Registrations Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Administrative by-product data
Comments:Help on this term

Disaggregation: National and selected state/territories by Indigenous status

Most recent data available for 2010 CRC baseline report: 2007

At this stage, only data from selected state/territories are considered of acceptable quality for reporting mortality of Indigenous persons (NSW, Qld, WA, SA and NT).

Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this termN[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Perinatal Deaths Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Death Registrations Collection
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS birth registration data
Frequency
Annual
Data custodian

Australian Bureau of Statistics



Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Quality statement
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections, QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this termAustralian Bureau of Statistics 
Further data development / collection required:Help on this termSpecification: Long-term

The statistical agencies and state/territory governments are currently working with Registrars and funeral directors and doctors to improve the quality of Indigenous status information on death notification forms and death certificates.

Indigenous identification needs improvement in deaths data.
Other issues caveats:Help on this term

Indigenous child mortality data is subject to high variability due to small numbers of deaths among children 0 to 4 years.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: P19-Infant/young child mortality rate, 2010 Health, Superseded 08/06/2011

See also National Indigenous Reform Agreement: P09a-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (AIHW Data), 2010 Community Services (retired), Superseded 04/04/2011

Has been superseded by National Indigenous Reform Agreement: PI 09b-Child under 5 mortality rate (and excess deaths) (ABS Data), 2011 Indigenous, Archived 01/07/2012

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