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Person—reason for readmission following acute coronary syndrome episode, code N[N]

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termData Element
Short name:Help on this termReason for readmission—acute coronary syndrome
METeOR identifier:Help on this term359404
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Standard 01/10/2008
Definition:Help on this term
The main reason for the admission, to any hospital, of a person within 28 days of discharge from an episode of admitted patient care for acute coronary syndrome, as represented by a code.
Data Element Concept:Person—reason for readmission following acute coronary syndrome episode

Value domain attributes

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termCode
Data type:Help on this termNumber
Format:Help on this termN[N]
Maximum character length:Help on this term2
Permissible values:Help on this term
ValueMeaning
1ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction
2non-ST-segment-elevation ACS with high-risk features
3non-ST-segment-elevation ACS with intermediate-risk features
4non-ST-segment-elevation ACS with low-risk features
5Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
6Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
7Heart Failure (without MI)
8Arrhythmia (without MI)
Supplementary values:Help on this term
99Not stated/inadequately described

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

CODE 1     ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction

This code is used when the reason for admission is persistent ST elevation of >=1mm in two contiguous limb leads, or ST elevation of >=2mm in two contiguous chest leads, or with new left bundle-branch block (BBB) pattern on the ECG.

CODE 2     Non-ST-segment-elevation ACS with high-risk features

This code is used when the reason for admission is clinical features consistent with an acute coronary syndrome with high-risk features which include any of the following:

  • repetitive or prolonged (> 10 minutes) ongoing chest pain or discomfort;
  • elevated level of at least one cardiac biomarker (troponin or creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme);
  • persistent or dynamic ECG changes of ST segment depression >= 0.5mm or new T wave >= 2mm;
  • transient ST-segment elevation (>= 0.5 mm) in more than 2 contiguous leads;
  • haemodynamic compromise: Blood pressure < 90 mmHg systolic, cool peripheries, diaphoresis, Killip Class > 1, and/or new onset mitral regurgitation;
  • sustained ventricular tachycardia;
  • syncope;
  • left ventricular systolic dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction < 0.40);
  • prior percutaneous coronary intervention within 6 months or prior coronary artery bypass surgery;
  • presence of known diabetes (with typical symptoms of ACS); or
  • chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60mL/minute) (with typical symptoms of ACS).

CODE 3     Non-ST-segment-elevation ACS with intermediate-risk features

This code is used when the reason for admission is clinical features consistent with an acute coronary syndrome and any of the following intermediate-risk features AND NOT meeting the criteria for high-risk ACS:

  • chest pain or discomfort within the past 48 hours that occurred at rest, or was repetitive or prolonged (but currently resolved);
  • age greater than 65yrs;
  • known coronary heart disease: prior myocardial infarction with left ventricular ejection fraction >= 0.40, or known coronary lesion more than >50% stenosed;
  • no high-risk changes on electrocardiography (see high-risk features);
  • two or more of the following risk factors: of known hypertension, family history, active smoking or hyperlipidaemia;
  • presence of known diabetes (with atypical symptoms of ACS);
  • chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60mL/minute) (with atypical symptoms of ACS); or
  • prior aspirin use.

CODE 4     Non-ST-segment-elevation ACS with low-risk features

This code is used when the reason for admission is clinical features consistent with an acute coronary syndrome without intermediate or high-risk features of non-ST-segment-elevation ACS. This includes onset of anginal symptoms within the last month, or worsening in severity or frequency of angina, or lowering of anginal threshold.

CODE 5     Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)

This code is used when the reason for admission is for a PCI, where the PCI is not immediately precipitated by a recurrent ischaemic event. If a recurrent ischaemic event precipitates a readmission with an associated PCI undertaken, one of codes 1-4 should be coded.

CODE 6     Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

This code is used when the reason for admission is for a CABG, where the CABG is not immediately precipitated by a recurrent ischaemic event. If a recurrent ischaemic event precipitates a readmission with an associated CABG undertaken, one of codes 1-4 should be coded.

CODE 7     Heart failure (without MI)

This code is used when the reason for admission is for the treatment of heart failure, where heart failure is not immediately precipitated by a recurrent ischaemic event. If a recurrent ischaemic event precipitates a readmission, one of codes 1-4 should be coded.

CODE 8     Arrhythmia (without MI)

This code is used when the reason for admission is for the treatment of an arrhythmia, where the arrhythmia is not immediately precipitated by a recurrent ischaemic event. If a recurrent ischaemic event precipitates a readmission, one of codes 1-4 should be coded.

Data element attributes

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

To determine if this item should be collected ask the person being admitted if they have been discharged from an episode of admitted patient care for acute coronary syndrome within the last 28 days. 

Comments:Help on this term

This metadata item is designed to identify recurrent admissions following an initial presentation with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), not necessarily to the hospital responsible for the index admission.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this termAcute coronary syndrome data working group
Steward:Help on this termThe National Heart Foundation of Australia and The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

Supersedes Person—reason for readmission following acute coronary syndrome episode, code N[N] Health, Superseded 01/10/2008

Implementation in Data Set Specifications:Help on this term

Acute coronary syndrome (clinical) DSS Health, Superseded 01/09/2012

Acute coronary syndrome (clinical) DSS Health, Superseded 02/05/2013

Acute coronary syndrome (clinical) NBPDS Health, Candidate 15/05/2017

Acute coronary syndrome (clinical) NBPDS 2013- Health, Standard 02/05/2013

DSS specific attributes +
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