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CSTDA disability type code N(N)

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termValue Domain
METeOR identifier:Help on this term306205
Registration status:Help on this termCommunity Services (retired), Superseded 11/11/2009
Definition:Help on this termA code set representing impairments of body structure or function, limitations in activities, or restrictions in participation.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termCode
Data type:Help on this termNumber
Format:Help on this termN(N)
Maximum character length:Help on this term2
Permissible values:Help on this term
1Intellectual (including Down’s syndrome)
2Specific learning/Attention Deficit Disorder (other than intellectual)
3Autism (including Asperger’s syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Delay)
12Developmental delay (applies to 0-5 year olds only, where no other category is appropriate)
5Acquired brain injury
6Neurological (including epilepsy and Alzheimer’s disease)
7Deafblind (dual sensory)
8Vision (sensory)
9Hearing (sensory)
10Speech (sensory)
Supplementary values:Help on this term
99Not stated/Inadequately described

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

For a mapping of this value domain to the national standard for disability group follow this link 'Disability group code mapping from NCSDD to CSTDA'.

CODE 1 Intellectual

Intellectual disability applies to conditions appearing in the developmental period (age 0-18) associated with impairment of mental functions, difficulties in learning and performing certain daily life skills and limitation of adaptive skills in the context of community environments compared to others of the same age. Includes Down’s syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, cri-du-chat syndrome etc.

CODE 2 Specific learning

Learning disability is a general term referring to a group of disorders, presumed due to central nervous system dysfunction rather than an intellectual disability, covering significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical skills.

CODE 3 Autism

Autism is used to describe pervasive developmental disorders involving disturbances in cognition, interpersonal communication, social interactions and behaviour (in particular obsessional, ritualistic, stereotyped and rigid behaviours).

CODE 4 Physical

Physical disability is used to describe conditions that are attributable to a physical cause or impact on the ability to perform physical activities, such as mobility. Physical disability includes paraplegia, quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, motor neurone disease, neuromuscular disorders, cerebral palsy, absence or deformities of limbs, spina bifida, arthritis, back disorders, ataxia, bone formation or degeneration, scoliosis etc. Impairments may affect internal organs such as lung or liver.

CODE 5 Acquired brain injury 

Acquired brain injury is used to describe multiple disabilities arising from damage to the brain acquired after birth. It results in deterioration in cognitive, physical, emotional or independent functioning. It can be as a result of accidents, stroke, brain tumours, infection, poisoning, lack of oxygen, degenerative neurological disease etc.

CODE 6 Neurological

Neurological disability applies to impairments of the nervous system occurring after birth and includes epilepsy and organic dementias (eg. Alzheimer’s disease) as well as such conditions as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.

CODE 7 Deafblind

Deaf blind is used to describe dual sensory impairments causing severe restrictions in communication, and in the ability to participate in community life.

CODE 8 Vision

Vision disability encompasses blindness, vision impairment, visual handicap (not corrected by glasses or contact lenses).

CODE 9 Hearing 

Hearing disability encompasses deafness, hearing impairment, hearing loss.

CODE 10 Speech 

Speech disability encompasses speech loss, impairment and/or difficulty in communication.

CODE 11 Psychiatric 

Psychiatric disability includes recognisable symptoms and behaviour patterns associated with distress that may impair personal functioning in normal social activity. Conditions such as schizophrenia, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, addictive behaviours, personality disorders, stress, psychosis, depression and adjustment disorders are included.

CODE 12 Developmental delay

Developmental delay is applicable to children aged 0-5 only. Conditions appearing in the early developmental period, with no specific diagnosis. Developmental delay maps into the intellectual/learning category of the International disability grouping.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also Disability group code N Community Services (retired), Standard 08/05/2006

Has been superseded by NDA disability type code N{N} Community Services (retired), Superseded 13/03/2013

Data elements implementing this value domain:Help on this term

Person (with a disability)—disability group, CSTDA code N(N) Community Services (retired), Superseded 11/11/2009

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