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Birth event—birth method, code N

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termData Element
Short name:Help on this termMethod of birth
METeOR identifier:Help on this term295349
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Superseded 02/08/2017
Definition:Help on this termThe method of complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception in a birth event, as represented by a code.
Data Element Concept:Birth event—birth method

Value domain attributes

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termCode
Data type:Help on this termNumber
Format:Help on this termN
Maximum character length:Help on this term1
Permissible values:Help on this term
ValueMeaning
1Vaginal—non-instrumental
2Vaginal—forceps
4Caesarean section
5Vaginal— vacuum extraction
Supplementary values:Help on this term
9Not stated/inadequately described

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this term

National Perinatal Data Development Committee

Data element attributes

Collection and usage attributes

Guide for use:Help on this term

In a vaginal breech with forceps to the after coming head, code as vaginal - forceps.

In a vaginal breech that has been manually rotated, code as vaginal - non-instrumental.

Where forceps/vacuum extraction are used to assist the extraction of the baby at caesarean section, code as caesarean section.

Where a hysterotomy is performed to extract the baby, code as caesarean section.

Collection methods:Help on this termIn the case of multiple births, method of birth should be recorded for each baby born.
Comments:Help on this termNote: Code 3, which had a meaning in previous versions of the data standard is no longer used.  As is good practice, the code will not be reused.

Source and reference attributes

Submitting organisation:Help on this termNational Perinatal Data Development Committee

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also Birth event—additional indication for caesarean section, code N[N] Health, Superseded 02/08/2017

See also Birth event—additional indications for caesarean section, code NN Health, Superseded 13/11/2014

Has been superseded by Birth event—birth method, code N Health, Superseded 12/12/2018, ACT Health, Final 14/08/2018

Supersedes Birth event—delivery method, code N Health, Superseded 06/09/2006

See also Birth event—main indication for caesarean section, code NN Health, Superseded 13/11/2014

See also Birth event—main indication for caesarean section, code N[N] Health, Superseded 02/08/2017

Implementation in Data Set Specifications:Help on this term
All attributes +

Perinatal NMDS 2007-2008 Health, Superseded 05/02/2008

DSS specific attributes +

Perinatal NMDS 2008-2010 Health, Superseded 02/12/2009

DSS specific attributes +

Perinatal NMDS 2010-2011 Health, Superseded 21/12/2010

DSS specific attributes +

Perinatal NMDS 2011-12 Health, Superseded 07/03/2012

DSS specific attributes +

Perinatal NMDS 2012-13 Health, Superseded 07/02/2013

DSS specific attributes +

Perinatal NMDS 2013-14 Health, Superseded 07/03/2014

DSS specific attributes +

Perinatal NMDS 2014-18 Health, Superseded 02/08/2017

DSS specific attributes +
Implementation in Indicators:Help on this termUsed as numerator
Australian Atlas of Healthcare Variation: Caesarean section for selected women giving birth for the first time, 2012-2014 Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, Standard 07/06/2017
Australian Atlas of Healthcare Variation: Third- and fourth-degree perineal tears for all vaginal births, 2012-2014 Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, Standard 07/06/2017
Early planned caesarean section without medical or obstetric indication, 2015 Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, Standard 13/12/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 01-Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all women giving birth (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 01–Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all females giving birth, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 01–Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all females giving birth, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 01—Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all women giving birth (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 02-Antenatal care in the first trimester for all women giving birth (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 02–Antenatal care visits in the first trimester for all females giving birth, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 02–Antenatal care visits in the first trimester for all females giving birth, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 02—Antenatal care in the first trimester for all women giving birth (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 03-Episiotomy for women giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 03–Episiotomy for females giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 03–Episiotomy for females giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 03—Episiotomy for women giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 06-Caesarean section for selected women giving birth for the first time (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 06–Caesarean section for selected females giving birth for the first time, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 06–Caesarean section for selected females giving birth for the first time, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 06—Caesarean section for selected women giving birth for the first time (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 07-Normal (non-instrumental) vaginal birth for selected women giving birth for the first time (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 07–Non-instrumental vaginal birth for selected females giving birth for the first time, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 07–Non-instrumental vaginal birth for selected females giving birth for the first time, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 07—Normal (non-instrumental) vaginal birth for selected women giving birth for the first time (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 08-Instrumental vaginal birth for selected women giving birth for the first time (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 08–Instrumental vaginal birth for selected females giving birth for the first time, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 08–Instrumental vaginal birth for selected females giving birth for the first time, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 08—Instrumental vaginal birth for selected women giving birth for the first time (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 09-General anaesthetic for women giving birth by caesarean section (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 09–General anaesthetic for females giving birth by caesarean section, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 09–General anaesthetic for females giving birth by caesarean section, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 09—General anaesthetic for women giving birth by caesarean section (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 13–Third and fourth degree tears for vaginal births, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 13–Third and fourth degree tears for vaginal births, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 13—Third and fourth degree tears for (a) all vaginal first births and (b) all vaginal births (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 15–Females having their second birth vaginally whose first birth was by caesarean section, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 15–Females having their second birth vaginally whose first birth was by caesarean section, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 15—Women having their second birth vaginally whose first birth was by caesarean section (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
Used as denominator
Australian Atlas of Healthcare Variation: Third- and fourth-degree perineal tears for all vaginal births, 2012-2014 Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, Standard 07/06/2017
Early planned caesarean section without medical or obstetric indication, 2015 Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, Standard 13/12/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 01-Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all women giving birth (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 01–Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all females giving birth, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 01–Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all females giving birth, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 01—Tobacco smoking in pregnancy for all women giving birth (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 02-Antenatal care in the first trimester for all women giving birth (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 02–Antenatal care visits in the first trimester for all females giving birth, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 02–Antenatal care visits in the first trimester for all females giving birth, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 02—Antenatal care in the first trimester for all women giving birth (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 03-Episiotomy for women giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 03–Episiotomy for females giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 03–Episiotomy for females giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 03—Episiotomy for women giving birth for the first time and giving birth vaginally (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 09-General anaesthetic for women giving birth by caesarean section (2013) Health, Superseded 02/02/2016
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 09–General anaesthetic for females giving birth by caesarean section, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 09–General anaesthetic for females giving birth by caesarean section, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 09—General anaesthetic for women giving birth by caesarean section (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 13–Third and fourth degree tears for vaginal births, 2018 Health, Superseded 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 13–Third and fourth degree tears for vaginal births, 2019 Health, Standard 19/06/2019
National Core Maternity Indicators: PI 13—Third and fourth degree tears for (a) all vaginal first births and (b) all vaginal births (2016) Health, Superseded 06/09/2018
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