Degree of spread of cancer code N
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Value Domain|
|Registration status:||Health, Standard 01/03/2005|
|Definition:||A code set representing the progression/extent of cancer at a particular point in time.|
|Maximum character length:||1|
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
The valid values for the variable are listed below.
CODE 1 Localised to the tissue of origin
Includes a primary cancer where the spread is contained within the organ of origin. Note: this includes in situ breast (D05.0-D05.9) and in situ melanoma (D03.0-D03.9)
Example 1: For colon cancer, the cancer has not progressed into the adventitia (peritoneal layer) surrounding the colon.
Example 2: For breast cancer, the cancer has not progressed into the underlying muscle layer (pectoral) or externally to the skin.
Example 3: For melanoma of the skin, the cancer has not invaded the subcutaneous fat layer (that is, it is contained within the dermis and epidermis).
Example 4: For lung cancer, the cancer has not invaded the pleura.
CODE 2 Invasion of adjacent tissue or organs
A primary cancer has spread to adjacent organs or tissue not forming part of the organ of origin. This category includes sub-cutaneous fat or muscle and organs adjacent to the primary cancer site.
Example 1: For colon cancer, the cancer has progressed into the adventitia (peritoneal layer) surrounding the colon.
Example 2:For breast cancer, the degree of spread has progressed into the underlying muscle layer (pectoral) or externally into the skin.
Example 3: For melanoma of the skin, the cancer has invaded into subcutaneous fat or muscle.
Example 4: For lung cancer, the cancer has invaded the pleura or tissues of the mediastinum.
CODE 3 Regional lymph nodes
The primary cancer has metastasised to the nearby draining lymph nodes. The list below shows the regional lymph nodes by site of primary cancer (International Union Against Cancer's definition).
Head and neck - Cervical nodes
Larynx - Cervical nodes
Thyroid - Cervical and upper mediastinal nodes
Stomach - Perigastric nodes along the lesser and greater curvatures
Colon and Rectum - Pericolic, perirectal, and those located along the ileocolic, right colic, middle colic, left colic, inferior mesenteric and superior rectal
Anal - Perirectal, internal iliac, and inguinal lymph nodes
Liver - Hilar nodes, e.g. the hepatoduodenal ligament
Pancreas - Peripancreatic nodes
Lung - Intrathoracic, scalene and supraclavicular
Breast - Axillary, interpectoral, internal mammary
Cervix - Paracervical, parametrial, hypogastric, common, internal and external iliac, presacral and sacral
Ovary - Hypogastric (obturator), common iliac, external iliac, lateral, sacral, para-aortic and inguinal
Prostate and bladder - Pelvic nodes below the bifurcation of the common iliac arteries
Testes - Abdominal, para-aortic and paracaval nodes, the intrapelvic and inguinal nodes
Kidney - Hilar, abdominal, para-aortic or paracaval.
CODE 4 Distant metastases
The primary cancer has spread to sites distant to the primary site, for example liver and lung and bone, or any lymph nodes not stated as regional to the site (see '3 - Regional lymph nodes' above).
CODE 5 Not applicable
This category applies for lymphatic and haematopoietic cancers, e.g. myelomas, leukaemias and lymphomas (C81.0 - C96.9) only.
CODE 9 Unknown
No information is available on the degree of spread at this episode or the available information is insufficient to allow classification into one of the preceding categories.
|Data elements implementing this value domain:|
Person with cancer—degree of spread of a cancer, code N Health, Standard 01/03/2005