Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Glossary Item|
Gender is about social and cultural differences in identity, expression and experience as a man, boy, woman, girl, or non-binary person. Non-binary is an umbrella term describing gender identities that are not exclusively male or female.
Gender is often used interchangeably with sex, however they are distinct concepts and it is important to differentiate between them.
Collection and usage attributes
When comparing the concepts of sex and gender:
While they are related concepts, caution should be exercised when comparing counts for sex with those for gender.
A person's gender may differ from their sex and may also differ from what is indicated on their legal documents. A person's gender may stay the same or can change over the course of their lifetime. Where gender is recorded, response options chosen will reflect a person's gender at that point in time. Some people may not identify with a specific gender or with the concept of gender at all.
Source and reference attributes
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2021. Standard for sex, gender, variations of sex characteristics and sexual orientation variables. Canberra: ABS, viewed 6 October 2021 https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/standards/standard-sex-gender-variations-sex-characteristics-and-sexual-orientation-variables/latest-release
AGD (Attorney-General's Department) 2015. Australian Government Guidelines on the Recognition of Sex and Gender, viewed 6 October 2021
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