National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2022
Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Indicator|
|Indicator type:||Progress measure|
|Short name:||PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2022|
Deaths from conditions that are potentially preventable through individualised care and/or treatable through existing primary or hospital care.
|Indicator set:||National Healthcare Agreement (2022)|
Health, Standard 24/09/2021
|Outcome area:||Primary and Community Health|
Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Collection and usage attributes
|Population group age to:|
Under 75 years
Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.
International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10, 2019 version) codes in scope are as specified below:
Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.
Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.
Presented per 100,000 population.
Crude rate: 100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)
Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:
Where wi= the proportion of the standard population in age group i
di=the number of deaths in age group i
ni=the number of people in the population in age group i
Number of deaths of persons aged less than 75 categorised as potentially avoidable
|Numerator data elements:|
Population aged less than 75
|Denominator data elements:|
2017, 2018, 2019 (resupplied for revision to ABS cause of death data), 2020—State and territory.
2017, 2018, 2019 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data), 2020—Nationally, by Indigenous status (not reported).
2013–2017, 2014–2018, 2015–2019 (updated for revision to ABS cause of death data), 2016–2020—State and territory, by Indigenous status.
Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Northern Territory.
|Disaggregation data elements:|
Most recent data available for 2022 National Healthcare Agreement performance reporting:
A number of updates to the ICD-10 were applied to 2013 and subsequent years causes of death data. Details of the impact of these changes on the mortality data are described in ABS Implementation of Iris Software: Understanding Coding and Process Improvements.
Data from 2018 onwards was coded using an updated version of Iris, the automated cause of death coding software. Coding updates as a result of this process are described in Update to Iris coding software: Implementing WHO updates and improvement in coding processes.
2013 data are coded using ICD-10 (2013 version). 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 data are coded using ICD-10 (2015 version). 2018 data are coded using ICD-10 (2016 version). 2019 and 2020 data are coded using ICD-10 (2019 version).
Due to the small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5-year combined data will be reported for state and territory disaggregations.
Estimated Residential Population (ERP) data for the total population and the Indigenous population are sourced from ERP rebased after the 2016 Census.
Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.
Data are based on the state or territory of usual residence of the deceased, regardless of where in Australia the death occurred and was registered.
Registrars of Births, Deaths and Marriages in New South Wales, Queensland and the Northern Territory took a number of initiatives in recent years to improve processing systems and timeliness of registrations of births. These issues affected the birth counts of these jurisdictions. Care should therefore be taken when interpreting changes in mortality rates for these jurisdictions and national totals.
Rates derived from administrative data counts are not subject to sampling error but might be subject to natural random variation, especially for small counts. Variability bands associated with each estimate are reported to account for this (for example, 80.0 ± 2.7). Variability bands can be used for comparisons within jurisdictions or over time, but not between jurisdictions or between jurisdictions and national totals.
Further details on potentially avoidable deaths among Indigenous Australians are available from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (measure 1.24: Avoidable and preventable deaths).
|Unit of measure:||Person|
Indicator conceptual framework
|Framework and dimensions:||Deaths|
Data source attributes
ABS Indigenous estimates and projections (2016 Census-based)
Australian Bureau of Statistics
ABS Causes of Death Collection
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Australian Bureau of Statistics
ABS Estimated resident population (2016 Census-based)
Australian Bureau of Statistics
National Healthcare Agreement
|Organisation responsible for providing data:|
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).
|Further data development / collection required:|
Specification: Minor work required, the measure needs minor work to meet the intention of the indicator.
Source and reference attributes
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 2015. Causes of Death, Australia, 2013, ABS cat. no. 3303.0. Canberra: ABS. Viewed 14 May 2020, https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/[email protected]/Lookup/3303.0
ABS (Reference period: 2019). Causes of Death, Australia. ABS Website. Viewed 22 February 2021, https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/health/causes-death/causes-death-australia/latest-release
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2020. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 19 February 2021, https://indigenoushpf.gov.au/
|Related metadata references:|
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.2.1–Rates of current daily smokers, 2020
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.2.3–Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2020
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 1.3.1–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2020
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.4–Selected potentially preventable hospitalisations, 2020
See also Australian Health Performance Framework: PI 2.1.6–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2020
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03–Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2022
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 04–Rates of current daily smokers, 2022
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 05–Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2022
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06–Life expectancy, 2022
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07–Infant and young child mortality rate, 2022
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08–Major causes of death, 2022
Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16–Potentially avoidable deaths, 2021
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 18–Selected potentially preventable hospitalisations, 2022
See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 23–Unplanned hospital readmission rates, 2022
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