Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Data Element|
|Short name:||Dementia risk factors|
Risk factors for dementia in a person, as represented by a code.
|Data Element Concept:||Person—dementia risk factors|
Value domain attributes
|Maximum character length:||2|
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
Record each risk factor of dementia identified by an appropriate clinician.
CODE 01 Alcohol use
Record if the person exceeded the guidelines for alcohol intake for their age in the past 7 days (based on the Australian guidelines to reduce health risks from drinking alcohol (NHMRC 2020)).
CODE 02 Smoking
Record if the person has ever smoked. Includes tobacco and e-cigarettes.
CODE 03 Obesity
Record if the person has a Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 30.
CODE 04 Hypertension
Record if the person has a history of hypertension.
CODE 05 Hearing loss
Record if the person has hearing loss. Includes any hearing threshold response (using audiometry) outside the normal range, at any sound stimuli, in either ear.
CODE 06 Vision loss
Record if the person has full or partial vision loss caused by cataracts, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy or other conditions. Exclude vision impairment that has been corrected with glasses or contact lenses.
CODE 07 Physical inactivity
Record if the person did not meet the physical activity guidelines for their age in the past 7 days (based on the Physical activity and exercise guidelines for all Australians (Department of Health and Aged Care 2021)).
CODE 08 Low education attainment
Record if the person did not complete secondary education.
CODE 09 Traumatic brain injury
Record if the person has ever had a traumatic brain injury (injury to the brain caused by an external force). Includes concussion.
CODE 10 Genetic
Record if the person has a biological family history of dementia.
CODE 11 Mental illness
Record if the person has a history of a mental health disorder (also referred to as mental illness). Includes depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, personality disorders, psychoses and other cognitive, emotional and behavioural disorders that interfere with the lives and productivity of people.
CODE 12 Intellectual disability
Record if the person has a diagnosed intellectual disability.
CODE 13 Mild cognitive impairment
Record if the person has ever been diagnosed with a mild cognitive impairment.
CODE 14 Diabetes
Record if the person has ever been told by a doctor or nurse that they have diabetes.
Source and reference attributes
NHMRC (National Health and Medical Research Council) (2020). Australian guidelines to reduce health risks from drinking alcohol. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/about-us/publications/australian-guidelines-reduce-health-risks-drinking-alcohol
Department of Health and Aged Care (2021), Physical activity and exercise guidelines for all Australians, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/physical-activity-and-exercise/physical-activity-and-exercise-guidelines-for-all-australians.
Data element attributes
Source and reference attributes
|Submitting organisation:||Australian Institute of Health and Welfare|
Livingston G, Huntley J, Sommerlad A, Ames D, Ballard C, Banerjee S, et al. 2020. Dementia prevention, intervention, and care: 2020 report of the Lancet Commission. Lancet. 8;396(10248):413-446. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30367-6.
|Implementation in Data Set Specifications:|