Type of permanent care arrangement code N[N]
Identifying and definitional attributes
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A code set representing permanency of care arrangements.
Collection and usage attributes
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CODE 1 Reunification with birth parent/s
Where the child will be reunified with one or both birth parents.
The Department/agency will have transferred full parental guardianship/custody of the child back to the birth parent within the 2015–16 reporting period. Only Department/agency-approved reunifications are included. This includes children who self-reunified, with subsequent endorsement by the Department/agency.
CODE 2 Reunification with relatives/kin other than birth parents
Where the child will be reunified with relatives/kin other than birth parents. The Department/agency will have transferred full parental guardianship/custody of the child back to relatives/kin within the reporting period.
CODE 3 Reunification –Other/Not further specified
Where the child was reunified with a person or persons other than their birth parents, or other relatives/kin. This category may include reunification to a former guardian (other than those specified above). This category may be used when it is known that a reunification attempt has been made, but where it is not possible to classify who a child was reunified with.
CODE 4 Adoption
An adoption order, made by a competent authority under adoption legislation, by which the adoptive parent(s) become the legal parent(s) of the child. For the purpose of this collection, only adoption orders that were finalised during the reporting period for children who were under the care of the relevant child protection department are included. The way in which an adoption is finalised depends on the procedures of the state or territory departments responsible for adoption in Australia.
Current policy and practice may limit these adoptions to known-carer adoptions (included in the ‘known child adoptions’ category for national adoptions reporting). However in some jurisdictions, local adoptions may also be included in this category (see below for further definitions).
An adoption of a child born or permanently residing in Australia before the adoption, by a foster parent or other non-relative who has been caring for the child and has had the responsibility for making decisions about the daily care and control of the child for the relevant period (as specified by the relevant state/territory department) before the adoption.
An adoption of a child born or permanently residing in Australia before the adoption who are legally able to be placed for adoption but who generally have had no previous contact or relationship with the adoptive parent(s).
CODE 5 New long-term finalised guardianship or custody orders
Order involving the transfer of legal guardianship to the relevant state or territory department or non-government agency. These orders involve considerable intervention in the child’s life and that of their family, and are sought only as a last resort.
For the purpose of this collection, this category refers to long-term finalised guardianship or custody orders. ‘Long-term’ generally refers to where the order confers guardianship/custody until the child turns 18 years of age. However, in some jurisdictions, specific time-limited orders (more than 2 years) may also be deemed to be long-term and may also be included in this category.
A guardianship order conveys responsibility for the welfare of the child to the guardian (for example, for the child’s education, health, religion, accommodation and financial matters). It does not necessarily grant the right to the daily care and control of the child, or the right to make decisions about the daily care and control of the child, which are granted under custody orders.
A custody order is generally an order that places a child in the custody of either the state or territory department responsible for child protection, or a non-government agency. It usually involves the child protection department’s being responsible for the daily care and requirements of the child, while the parent retains legal guardianship. Custody alone does not bestow any responsibility regarding the long-term welfare of the child.
CODE 6 New third-party parental responsibility order
An order transferring all duties, powers, responsibilities and authority to which parents are entitled by law to a nominated person(s) whom the court considers appropriate. The nominated person may be an individual such as a relative or an officer of the state or territory department. Third-party parental responsibility may be ordered in the event that a parent is unable to care for a child, with parental responsibility then transferred to a relative.
CODE 7 Continued existing long-term finalised guardianship or custody orders
Where a child remained on an existing long-term finalised guardianship or custody order from the previous (2014–15) reporting period.
CODE 8 Continued existing third-party parental responsibility order
Where a child remained on an existing third-party parental responsibility order from the previous (2014–15) reporting period.
CODE 9 Child did not have a permanent care arrangement during the reporting period
Where it is known that the child was not reunified or provided with an alternative permanent care arrangement during the reporting period.
CODE 99 Not stated/inadequately described
Where it is unknown whether the child was provided with a permanent care arrangement during the reporting period.
|Data elements implementing this value domain:|
Child—permanent care arrangement status, type code N[N]
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