Identifying and definitional attributes
|Metadata item type:||Data Element|
|Short name:||Episode type (juvenile justice)|
|Definition:||The legal arrangement that has resulted in the juvenile justice client being supervised or case managed by the juvenile justice department, as represented by a code.|
|Data Element Concept:||Service episode—legal order/arrangement type|
Value domain attributes
|Maximum character length:||2|
Collection and usage attributes
|Guide for use:|
A hierarchical structure exists for the value domain. Recording should be at the 2 digit level.
The types of legal arrangements are described in each jurisdiction’s juvenile justice legislation. They vary slightly according to the State or Territory. However the value domain provides broad groupings of these legal orders or arrangements to which all jurisdictions should map their specific types of legal arrangements.
1 Pre-court appearance – police referred
CODE 11 Held in youth detention or remand centre or watch house
CODE 12 Other police-referred pre-court arrangements
Other pre-court arrangements is where the juvenile justice department is responsible for case management or supervision of the juvenile, such as supervised/conditional bail where the juvenile justice department is involved with monitoring or supervising the juvenile
2 Pre-sentence – court referred or ordered
CODE 21 Remanded
Remanded in a youth detention or remand centre or watchhouse
CODE 22 Other court-referred pre-sentence arrangements
Other pre-sentence court orders or arrangements is where thejuvenile justice department is responsible for case management or supervision of the juvenile (such as supervised/conditional bail where the juvenile justice department is involved with monitoring or supervising the juvenile)
CODE 31 Community-based
Supervision without additional mandated requirements
CODE 32 Other community-based
Supervision and other mandated requirements - requiring some form of obligation or additional element that the client is required to meet, rather than only being supervised or case managed. This obligation could be community work, developmental activity or program attendance (with or without direct supervision by the juvenile justice department of the work or activity but where the juvenile justice department is responsible for overall case management of the juvenile
CODE 33 Immediate release or suspended detention
CODE 34 Home detention
CODE 35 Detention
CODE 36 Parole or supervised release
CODE 37 Other sentence requiring JJ Department supervision or case management
CODE 41 Other type of legal arrangement
Other type of legal arrangement is where the juvenile is supervised or case managed by the juvenile justice department and not included above
A client can be recorded as being on only ONE episode type at any point in time (ie they cannot have concurrent episode types). If a client is on 2 or more orders at a particular time in a jurisdiction, then the one considered the most serious should be recorded in the JJ NMDS (with ranking based on the following, with 1 being most serious and 12 being least serious):
Ranking of JJ episode type for the purposes of the JJ NMDS:
1 35: Sentenced – detention
2 21: Pre sentence – court referred – remanded in juvenile justice facility
3 11: Pre court – police referred – held in juvenile justice facility
4 34: Sentenced – home detention
5 33: Sentenced – immediate release or suspended detention
6 36: Sentenced – parole or supervised release
7 32: Sentenced – other community based – supervision and other mandated requirements
8 31: Sentenced – community based – supervision without additional mandated requirements
9 37: Sentenced – other
10 22: Pre sentence – court referred – other (eg supervised bail)
11 12: Pre court – police referred – other
12 41: Other
A client is on remand and sentenced detention at the same time. The most serious of these using the above ranking is the sentenced detention. Thus, in the NMDS the client would be recorded as having an episode with a episode type of 35 'sentenced detention'.
A client is on a probation order for 9 months. He or she then receives a 3 month detention sentence for a new offence, on top of and in the middle of the probation order. The JJ client served the sentences with no breaches.
This should be recorded as 3 episodes in the JJ NMDS.
Episode 1: The start date for the first episode would be when the client began being supervised by the JJ department on the probation order. It would have a episode type of 31: ‘community based – supervision without additional mandated requirements’. The end date would be when the period of sentenced detention began (as this order results in a more seriously ranked episode type). The episode end reason would be recorded as 6: ‘more serious order begun’.
Episode 2: The start date for the second episode would be the same as the end date for the first episode (i.e. when the JJ client began their period of sentenced detention). It would have a episode type of 35: ‘detention’ . The end date would be when the period of sentenced detention ended (as this order results in a more seriously ranked episode type). The episode end reason would be recorded as 7: ‘conditions of sentence met'.
Episode 3: The startdate for the third episode would be when the client was released from detention and was once again supervised by the JJ department on a probation order. It would have a episode type of 31: ‘community based – supervision without additional mandated requirements’. The end date would be when the period of probation ended. The epsiode end reason would be recorded as 7: ‘conditions of sentence met’.
Data element attributes
Collection and usage attributes
|Collection methods:||The JJ episode type should be recorded on entry to each JJ episode for a juvenile justice client.|
This data item is core to the JJ NMDS as it distinguishes the types of arrangements under which a juvenile justice client is held, supervised or case managed by the juvenile justice department. This data element is central to the development of a comparable data collection on juvenile justice. It will facilitate comparative analysis of the distribution of juvenile justice clients across intervention types (such as remand and detention). It will also allow for comparison of the types of interventions imposed with other client variables such as age, sex, Indigenous status and geographic location indicators. Categories can be amalgamated to distinguish between clients under custodial and non-custodial arrangements.
|Related metadata references:|
Has been superseded by Service episode—detention type, code N
Has been superseded by Service episode—legal order/arrangement type (local), text [X(100)]
Has been superseded by Service episode—legal order/arrangement type, code NN
|Implementation in Data Set Specifications:|