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National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2013

Identifying and definitional attributes

Metadata item type:Help on this termIndicator
Indicator type:Help on this termProgress measure
Short name:Help on this termPI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2013
METeOR identifier:Help on this term497242
Registration status:Help on this termHealth, Superseded 30/04/2014
Description:Help on this termDeaths that are potentially avoidable within the present health system:
• potentially preventable deaths are those amenable to screening and primary prevention, such as immunisation
• deaths from potentially treatable conditions are those amenable to therapeutic interventions
Indicator set:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement (2013) Health, Superseded 30/04/2014
Outcome area:Help on this termPrimary and Community Health Health, Standard 07/07/2010
Quality statement:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2013 QS Health, Standard 25/06/2013

Collection and usage attributes

Population group age to:Help on this term75 years
Computation description:Help on this term

Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes in scope are as specified below:

Cause of death group

ICD-10 Codes

Limits (age, sex)

Treatable

 Preventable

Infections

 

 

 

 

Tuberculosis

A15–A19, B90

 

X

 

Selected invasive bacterial and protozoal infections

A38–A41, A46, A48.1 B50–B54, G00,G03, J02.0, J13–J15, J18, L03

 

X

 

Hepatitis

B15–B19

 

 

X

HIV/AIDS

B20–B24

 

 

X

Viral pneumonia and influenza

J10, J12, J21

 

 

X

Enteritis and other diarrhoeal disease

A00–A09

 

 

X

Childhood vaccine-preventable diseases

A35–A37, A49.1, A49.2, A80, B01, B05–B06, J11

0–14

 

X

Sexually transmitted diseases, except HIV/AIDS

A50–A64, M02.3, N34.1, N70–N73, N75.0, N75.1, N76.4, N76.6, O00

 

 

X

Ear infections—otitis media and mastoiditis

H65–H70

 

X

 

Upper respiratory tract infection

J00–J06, except for J02.0

 

X

 

Cancer

 

 

 

 

Lip, oral cavity and pharynx

C00–C14

 

 

X

Oesophagus

C15

 

 

X

Stomach

C16

 

 

X

Colorectal

C18–C21

 

X

 

Liver

C22

 

 

X

Lung

C33, C34

 

 

X

Melanoma of skin

C43

 

X

 

Non-melanocytic skin

C44

 

X

 

Breast

C50

Female

X

 

Cervix

C53

 

X

 

Uterus

C54, C55

 

X

 

Bladder

C67

 

X

 

Thyroid

C73

 

X

 

Hodgkin’s disease

C81

 

X

 

Lymphoid leukaemia—acute/chronic

C91.0, C91.1

 

X

 

Benign cancers

D10–D36

 

X

 

Malignant neoplasm of testis

C62

 

 

X

Malignant neoplasm of eye and adnexa

C69

 

 

X

Diabetes

E10–E14

 

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Drug use disorders

 

 

 

 

Alcohol related disease

F10, I42.6, K29.2, K70

 

 

X

Illicit drug use disorders

F11–F16, F18, F19

 

 

X

Epilepsy

G40, G41

 

X

 

Diseases of the circulatory system

 

 

 

 

Rheumatic and other valvular heart disease

I01–I09

 

X

 

Hypertensive heart disease

I11

 

X

 

Ischaemic heart disease

I20–I25

 

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Cerebrovascular diseases

I60–I69

 

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Aortic aneurysm

I71

 

 

X

Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of other deep vessels of lower extremities

I80.2

 

 

X

Pulmonary embolism

I26

 

 

X

Diseases of the genitourinary system

 

 

 

 

Nephritis and nephrosis

I12, I13, N00–N07, N17–N19

 

X

 

Obstructive uropathy & prostatic hyperplasia

N13, N20, N21, N35, N40

 

X

 

Diseases of the respiratory system

 

 

 

 

COPD

J40–J44

45–74 years

 

X

Asthma

J45, J46

0–44 years

X

 

Diseases of the digestive system

 

 

 

 

Peptic ulcer disease

K25–K28

 

X

 

Diseases of appendix; hernia; disorders of gallbladder, biliary tract, and pancreas

K35–K38, K40–K46, K80–K83, K85, K86

 

X

 

Chronic liver disease (excluding alcohol-related disease)

K73, K74

 

 

X

Maternal & infant causes

 

 

 

 

Birth defects

H31.1, P00, P04, Q00–Q99

 

X

 

Complications of perinatal period

P03, P05–P95

 

X

 

Unintentional injuries

 

 

 

 

Road traffic injuries

V01–V04, V06, V09–V80, V87, V89, V99

 

 

X

Falls

W00–W19

 

 

X

Fires, burns

X00–X09

 

 

X

Accidental poisonings

X40–X49

 

 

X

Drownings

W65–W74

 

 

X

War

Y36

 

 

X

Intentional injuries

 

 

 

 

Suicide and self-inflicted injuries

X60–X84, Y87.0, Y10–Y34

 

 

X

Violence

X85–Y09, Y87.1

 

 

X

Other conditions

 

 

 

 

Nutritional deficiency anaemia

D50–D53

 

 

X

Thyroid disorders

E00–E07

 

X

 

Adrenal disorders

E24, E27

 

X

 

Congenital metabolic disorders

E25, E70.0, E74.2

 

X

 

Osteomyelitis and other osteopathies of bone

M86, M89

 

 

X

Complications of pregnancy, labour or the puerperium

O01–O99

 

 

X

Misadventures to patients during surgical and medical care

Y60–Y69

 

 

X

Medical devices associated with adverse incidents in diagnostic & therapeutic use

Y70–Y82

 

 

X

Surgical and other medical procedures as the cause of abnormal reaction of the patient, or of later complication, without mention of misadventure at the time of the procedure

Y83–Y84

 

 

X

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.

Presented per 100,000 population.

Computation:Help on this term

100,000 x (Numerator ÷ Denominator)

Calculated separately for ‘preventable’ and ‘treatable’ categories.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the following method for estimating 95% confidence intervals:

Age-standardised rate

Formula for  Age-standardised rates

Where wi= the proportion of the standard population in age group i 

d=the number of deaths in age group i

n=the number of people in the population in age group i

Numerator:Help on this termNumber of deaths of persons aged less than 75 categorised as potentially avoidable
Numerator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—underlying cause of death, code (ICD-10 2nd edn) ANN-ANN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Denominator:Help on this termPopulation aged less than 75 years
Denominator data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—estimated resident population of Australia
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetData Element
Person—estimated resident population of Australia
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Data Element / Data SetPerson—age, total years N[NN]
Data Source
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Guide for use
Data source type: Census-based plus administrative by-product data
Disaggregation:Help on this term

2007, 2008, 2009 (resupplied for revision to ABS WA and national Indigenous deaths data), 2010—State and territory, by preventable and treatable categories.

2007, 2008, 2009 (resupplied for revision to ABS WA and national Indigenous death data), 2010—Nationally, by preventable and treatable categories:

  • Indigenous status

2006–2010—State and territory, by preventable and treatable categories, by:

  • Indigenous status

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—NSW, Qld, SA, WA, NT.

Disaggregation data elements:Help on this term
Data Element / Data SetPerson—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2007) NNNNN
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Used for disaggregation by state/territory
Data Element / Data SetPerson—Indigenous status, code N
Data Source
ABS Causes of Death Collection
Guide for use
Data source type: Registry
Comments:Help on this term

Most recent data available for 2013 Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Reform Council (CRC) report:

  • 2010 (Total population)
  • Aggregated data 2006–2010 (Indigenous status)

Due to small number of Indigenous deaths reported each year, 5 year combined data will be reported for the current reporting period.

A system error affected the reporting of WA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander death registrations for 2007, 2008 and 2009 which affected the WA and national death rates reported for the 2011 and 2012 CRC reports. These data have been revised for 2013 reporting.

Data by remoteness may be available, pending assessment of data quality.

Representational attributes

Representation class:Help on this termRate
Data type:Help on this termReal
Unit of measure:Help on this termPerson
Format:Help on this termNN[N].N

Indicator conceptual framework

Framework and dimensions:Help on this termDeaths

Data source attributes

Data sources:Help on this term
Data SourceABS Causes of Death Collection
Frequency
Annual
Quality statement
ABS causes of death collection, QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Estimated resident population (total population)
Frequency
Quarterly
Quality statement
ABS Estimated resident population (total population), QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Data SourceABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections (2001 Census-based)
Frequency
Periodic
Quality statement
ABS Indigenous experimental estimates and projections, QS
Data custodian
Australian Bureau of Statistics

Accountability attributes

Reporting requirements:Help on this termNational Healthcare Agreement
Organisation responsible for providing data:Help on this termAustralian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).
Further data development / collection required:Help on this termSpecification: Minor work required, the measure needs minor work to meet the intention of the indicator.

Relational attributes

Related metadata references:Help on this term

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 03-Prevalence of overweight and obesity, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 04-Rates of current daily smokers, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 05-Levels of risky alcohol consumption, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 06-Life expectancy, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 07-Infant and young child mortality rate, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 08-Major causes of death, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

Has been superseded by National Healthcare Agreement: PI 16-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2014 Health, Standard 30/04/2014

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 18-Selected potentially preventable hospitalisations, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

Supersedes National Healthcare Agreement: PI 20-Potentially avoidable deaths, 2012 Health, Superseded 25/06/2013

See also National Healthcare Agreement: PI 23-Unplanned hospital readmission rates, 2013 Health, Superseded 30/04/2014

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